Thuja - Planting and care

Thuja (Thuja) is a genus of perennial plants with evergreen foliage, known for its beauty and resistance. These are very popular ornamental trees or shrubs in landscaping due to their conical shape, rich green color and their use in hedges. In this complete guide to planting and caring for thuja trees, you'll find essential information to grow and keep them healthy in your garden.

I. Choosing the right thuja species:

There are several species of thuja trees available, and the right choice depends on local conditions and personal preference. Some of the more common thuja species include Western thuja (Thuja occidentalis), Oriental thuja (Thuja orientalis) and Smaragd thuja (Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd'). Each species has unique characteristics such as maximum height, foliage density and adaptability to various climates.

II. Planting thuja trees:

  1. Choose a suitable site: Thujas prefer well-drained soil and exposure to sun or semi-shade. Avoid areas with excessive moisture or standing water, as these can cause root rot.

  2. Prepare the soil: Till the soil in a generous space to remove weeds and stones. If the soil is clayey or nutrient poor, add compost or organic matter to improve drainage and fertility.

  3. Dig a suitable hole: Every thuja needs a planting hole suitable for the size of the root. Make sure the hole is deep and wide enough to allow the roots to develop properly.

  4. Plant thuja: Remove the plants from their containers and gently loosen the roots to unfurl them. Place the thuja in the hole and make sure it is straight. Cover the roots with excavated soil and lightly compact the soil around the bush.

  5. Watering and Mulching: Heavy watering is important after planting to help the roots establish. Apply a layer of mulch around thuja trees to keep the soil moist and reduce weed growth.

III. Thuja care:

  1. Regular watering: Thuja needs an adequate amount of water. Regular watering, especially in the hot and dry season, is essential to keep the plant healthy. Avoid overwatering as this can lead to root rot.

  2. Fertilizers: You can apply a slow-release fertilizer specifically for thuja plants in the spring and fall. This will ensure healthy growth and vibrant green foliage.

  3. Pruning and shaping: If you want to keep a specific shape or control the size, you can trim the tips of thuja trees during the period of active growth. Be sure to use sharp, clean cutting tools to avoid damaging the plants.

  4. Protection against pests: Thujas can be affected by pests such as thuja beetles and thuja lice. Inspect plants regularly and apply appropriate treatments if necessary.

  5. Winter protection: In regions with cold winters, you can protect thuja trees with a layer of mulch around the roots and a protective film to avoid frost damage.

Planting and caring for thuja trees requires a little attention and patience, but the results are certainly satisfying. Once thuja trees are rooted and healthy, they will provide an elegant look to your garden, adding beauty and sparkle all year round.

By following the advice in this comprehensive guide, you will be able to enjoy the beauty of your thuja trees for a long time.

Tuia - Plantare si ingrijire
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